CUED Publications database

A hierarchical bayesian framework for calibrating micro-level models with macro-level data

Booth, AT and Choudhary, R and Spiegelhalter, DJ (2013) A hierarchical bayesian framework for calibrating micro-level models with macro-level data. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 6. pp. 293-318. ISSN 1940-1493

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Abstract

Owners of housing stocks require reliable and flexible tools to assess the impact of retrofits technologies. Bottom-up engineering-based housing stock models can help to serve such a function. These models require calibrating, using micro-level energy measurements at the building level, to improve model accuracy; however, the only publicly available data for the UK housing stock is at the macro-level, at the district, urban, or national scale. This paper outlines a method for using macro-level data to calibrate micro-level models. A hierarchical framework is proposed, utilizing a combination of regression analysis and Bayesian inference. The result is a Bayesian regression method that generates estimates of the average energy use for different dwelling types whilst quantifying uncertainty in both the empirical data and the generated energy estimates. Finally, the Bayesian regression method is validated and the use of the hierarchical Bayesian calibration framework is demonstrated. © 2013 International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBPSA).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Structures
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:14
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 05:26
DOI: