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Multi-objective optimisation of horizontal axis wind turbine structure and energy production using aerofoil and blade properties as design variables

Fischer, GR and Kipouros, T and Savill, AM (2014) Multi-objective optimisation of horizontal axis wind turbine structure and energy production using aerofoil and blade properties as design variables. Renewable Energy, 62. pp. 506-515. ISSN 0960-1481

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The design of wind turbine blades is a true multi-objective engineering task. The aerodynamic effectiveness of the turbine needs to be balanced with the system loads introduced by the rotor. Moreover the problem is not dependent on a single geometric property, but besides other parameters on a combination of aerofoil family and various blade functions. The aim of this paper is therefore to present a tool which can help designers to get a deeper insight into the complexity of the design space and to find a blade design which is likely to have a low cost of energy. For the research we use a Computational Blade Optimisation and Load Deflation Tool (CoBOLDT) to investigate the three extreme point designs obtained from a multi-objective optimisation of turbine thrust, annual energy production as well as mass for a horizontal axis wind turbine blade. The optimisation algorithm utilised is based on Multi-Objective Tabu Search which constitutes the core of CoBOLDT. The methodology is capable to parametrise the spanning aerofoils with two-dimensional Free Form Deformation and blade functions with two tangentially connected cubic splines. After geometry generation we use a panel code to create aerofoil polars and a stationary Blade Element Momentum code to evaluate turbine performance. Finally, the obtained loads are fed into a structural layout module to estimate the mass and stiffness of the current blade by means of a fully stressed design. For the presented test case we chose post optimisation analysis with parallel coordinates to reveal geometrical features of the extreme point designs and to select a compromise design from the Pareto set. The research revealed that a blade with a feasible laminate layout can be obtained, that can increase the energy capture and lower steady state systems loads. The reduced aerofoil camber and an increased L/. D-ratio could be identified as the main drivers. This statement could not be made with other tools of the research community before. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bernoulli beam Horizontal axis wind turbine Multi-objective optimisation Parallel coordinates Tabu search Wind turbine blade design
Divisions: Div C > Engineering Design
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 13:39
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2015 06:00
DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.08.009