Kashinath, K and Hemchandra, S and Juniper, MP (2013) *Nonlinear thermoacoustics of ducted premixed flames: The influence of perturbation convection speed.* Combustion and Flame, 160. pp. 2856-2865. ISSN 0010-2180

## Abstract

When a premixed flame is placed within a duct, acoustic waves induce velocity perturbations at the flame's base. These travel down the flame, distorting its surface and modulating its heat release. This can induce self-sustained thermoacoustic oscillations. Although the phase speed of these perturbations is often assumed to equal the mean flow speed, experiments conducted in other studies and Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) conducted in this study show that it varies with the acoustic frequency. In this paper, we examine how these variations affect the nonlinear thermoacoustic behaviour. We model the heat release with a nonlinear kinematic G-equation, in which the velocity perturbation is modelled on DNS results. The acoustics are governed by linearised momentum and energy equations. We calculate the flame describing function (FDF) using harmonic forcing at several frequencies and amplitudes. Then we calculate thermoacoustic limit cycles and explain their existence and stability by examining the amplitude-dependence of the gain and phase of the FDF. We find that, when the phase speed equals the mean flow speed, the system has only one stable state. When the phase speed does not equal the mean flow speed, however, the system supports multiple limit cycles because the phase of the FDF changes significantly with oscillation amplitude. This shows that the phase speed of velocity perturbations has a strong influence on the nonlinear thermoacoustic behaviour of ducted premixed flames. © 2013 The Combustion Institute.

Item Type: | Article |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | Flame describing function Limit cycle amplitude Limit cycle stability Nonlinear thermoacoustics Premixed flame Travelling wave |

Subjects: | UNSPECIFIED |

Divisions: | Div A > Energy |

Depositing User: | Cron job |

Date Deposited: | 04 Feb 2015 22:05 |

Last Modified: | 02 Apr 2015 01:38 |

DOI: | 10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.06.019 |