CUED Publications database

Large eddy simulations in low-pressure turbines: Effect of wakes at elevated free-stream turbulence

Nagabhushana Rao, V and Tucker, PG and Jefferson-Loveday, RJ and Coull, JD (2013) Large eddy simulations in low-pressure turbines: Effect of wakes at elevated free-stream turbulence. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 43. pp. 85-95. ISSN 0142-727X

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Abstract

The transition of a separated shear layer over a flat plate, in the presence of periodic wakes and elevated free-stream turbulence (FST), is numerically investigated using Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The upper wall of the test section is inviscid and specifically contoured to impose a streamwise pressure distribution over the flat plate to simulate the suction surface of a low-pressure turbine (LPT) blade. Two different distributions representative of a 'high-lift' and an 'ultra high-lift' turbine blade are examined. Results obtained from the current LES compare favourably with the extensive experimental data previously obtained for these configurations. The LES results are then used to further investigate the flow physics involved in the transition process.In line with experimental experience, the benefit of wakes and FST obtained by suppressing the separation bubble, is more pronounced in 'ultra high-lift' design when compared to the 'high-lift' design. Stronger 'Klebanoff streaks' are formed in the presence of wakes when compared to the streaks due to FST alone. These streaks promoted much early transition. The weak Klebanoff streaks due to FST continued to trigger transition in between the wake passing cycles.The experimental inference regarding the origin of Klebanoff streaks at the leading edge has been confirmed by the current simulations. While the wake convects at local free-stream velocity, its impression in the boundary layer in the form of streaks convects much slowly. The 'part-span' Kelvin-Helmholtz structures, which were observed in the experiments when the wake passes over the separation bubble, are also captured. The non-phase averaged space-time plots manifest that reattachment is a localized process across the span unlike the impression of global reattachment portrayed by phase averaging. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calmed regions High-lift blades Klebanoff streaks Large eddy simulation Part-span Kelvin-Helmholtz vortex Space-Time plots
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Fluid Mechanics
Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 12:05
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:16
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2013.03.003