Shen, K and Tootoonian, S and Laurent, G (2013) Encoding of mixtures in a simple olfactory system. Neuron, 80. pp. 1246-1262.Full text not available from this repository.
Natural odors are usually mixtures; yet, humans and animals can experience them as unitary percepts. Olfaction also enables stimulus categorization and generalization. We studied how these computations are performed with the responses of 168 locust antennal lobe projection neurons (PNs) to varying mixtures of two monomolecular odors, and of 174 PNs and 209 mushroom body Kenyon cells (KCs) to mixtures of up to eight monomolecular odors. Single-PN responses showed strong hypoadditivity and population trajectories clustered by odor concentration and mixture similarity. KC responses were much sparser on average than those of PNs and often signaled the presence of single components in mixtures. Linear classifiers could read out the responses of both populations in single time bins to perform odor identification, categorization, and generalization. Our results suggest that odor representations in the mushroom body may result from competing optimization constraints to facilitate memorization (sparseness) while enabling identification, classification, and generalization.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Action Potentials Animals Arthropod Antennae Bayes Theorem Grasshoppers Linear Models Models, Neurological Mushroom Bodies Neural Pathways Neurons Odors Olfactory Pathways ROC Curve Reaction Time Smell Time Factors|
|Divisions:||Div F > Computational and Biological Learning|
|Depositing User:||Cron job|
|Date Deposited:||04 Feb 2015 22:38|
|Last Modified:||07 Jul 2015 11:12|