CUED Publications database

Unsteady penetration of a target by a liquid jet.

Uth, T and Deshpande, VS (2013) Unsteady penetration of a target by a liquid jet. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 110. pp. 20028-20033.

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It is widely acknowledged that ceramic armor experiences an unsteady penetration response: an impacting projectile may erode on the surface of a ceramic target without substantial penetration for a significant amount of time and then suddenly start to penetrate the target. Although known for more than four decades, this phenomenon, commonly referred to as dwell, remains largely unexplained. Here, we use scaled analog experiments with a low-speed water jet and a soft, translucent target material to investigate dwell. The transient target response, in terms of depth of penetration and impact force, is captured using a high-speed camera in combination with a piezoelectric force sensor. We observe the phenomenon of dwell using a soft (noncracking) target material. The results show that the penetration rate increases when the flow of the impacting water jet is reversed due to the deformation of the jet-target interface--this reversal is also associated with an increase in the force exerted by the jet on the target. Creep penetration experiments with a constant indentation force did not show an increase in the penetration rate, confirming that flow reversal is the cause of the unsteady penetration rate. Our results suggest that dwell can occur in a ductile noncracking target due to flow reversal. This phenomenon of flow reversal is rather widespread and present in a wide range of impact situations, including water-jet cutting, needleless injection, and deposit removal via a fluid jet.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ballistic penetration fluid–structure interaction impact loading interface defeat Equipment Failure Analysis Gels Hydrodynamics Mechanical Phenomena Models, Chemical Time Factors Water
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:12
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 05:38
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1315130110