CUED Publications database

Field programmable gate array based predictive control system for spacecraft rendezvous in elliptical orbits

Hartley, EN and Maciejowski, JM (2014) Field programmable gate array based predictive control system for spacecraft rendezvous in elliptical orbits. Optimal Control Applications and Methods. ISSN 0143-2087

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Abstract

A field programmable gate array (FPGA) based model predictive controller for two phases of spacecraft rendezvous is presented. Linear time-varying prediction models are used to accommodate elliptical orbits, and a variable prediction horizon is used to facilitate finite time completion of the longer range manoeuvres, whilst a fixed and receding prediction horizon is used for fine-grained tracking at close range. The resulting constrained optimisation problems are solved using a primal-dual interior point algorithm. The majority of the computational demand is in solving a system of simultaneous linear equations at each iteration of this algorithm. To accelerate these operations, a custom circuit is implemented, using a combination of Mathworks HDL Coder and Xilinx System Generator for DSP, and used as a peripheral to a MicroBlaze soft-core processor on the FPGA, on which the remainder of the system is implemented. Certain logic that can be hard-coded for fixed sized problems is implemented to be configurable online, in order to accommodate the varying problem sizes associated with the variable prediction horizon. The system is demonstrated in closed-loop by linking the FPGA with a simulation of the spacecraft dynamics running in Simulink on a PC, using Ethernet. Timing comparisons indicate that the custom implementation is substantially faster than pure embedded software-based interior point methods running on the same MicroBlaze and could be competitive with a pure custom hardware implementation. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerospace Embedded systems FPGA MPC Predictive control Receding horizon Spacecraft rendezvous Time-varying systems Variable horizon
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Control
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2014 18:45
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 02:15
DOI: 10.1002/oca.2117