CUED Publications database

Important aspects when modelling the interaction between surface structures and tunnelling in sand

Giardina, G and DeJong, MJ and Mair, RJ (2014) Important aspects when modelling the interaction between surface structures and tunnelling in sand. In: UNSPECIFIED pp. 263-268..

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Abstract

Tunnelling in urban areas continues to increase and has highlighted the need for a better understanding of the impact of tunnel excavations on existing buildings. This paper considers the influence of surface structures on ground displacements caused by tunnelling in sand through finite element modelling and centrifuge testing. First, the importance of modelling assumptions is evaluated by comparing centrifuge modelling results to finite element modelling results for various soil constitutive models: both a Young's modulus that linearly increases with depth and a power law relation between the soil stiffness and stresses are considered. Second, the most effective soil constitutive model was used to perform a sensitivity study on the effect of different factors governing the structural response. In particular, the effect of the building stiffness and weight on the modification of soil displacements is investigated by introducing a simple surface structure. The use of a no-tension interface between the building and the soil was found to be essential to investigate the effect of weight on gap formation between the soil and the structure, as observed during the experimental tests. Results show the importance of considering the relation between the building weight and the relative stiffness between the building and the soil when assessing the structural response. © 2014 Korean Geotechnical Society.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Div D > Structures
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:05
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 01:43
DOI: