CUED Publications database

Spatial distribution of electrochemical performance in a segmented SOFC: A combined modeling and experimental study

Bessler, WG and Gewies, S and Willich, C and Schiller, G and Friedrich, KA (2010) Spatial distribution of electrochemical performance in a segmented SOFC: A combined modeling and experimental study. Fuel Cells, 10. pp. 411-418. ISSN 1615-6846

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Abstract

Spatially inhomogeneous distribution of current density and temperature in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) contributes to accelerated electrode degradation, thermomechanical stresses, and reduced efficiency. This paper presents a combined experimental and modeling study of the distributed electrochemical performance of a planar SOFC. Experimental data were obtained using a segmented cell setup that allows the measurement of local current-voltage characteristics, gas composition and temperature in 4 × 4 segments. Simulations were performed using a two-dimensional elementary kinetic model that represents the experimental setup in a detailed way. Excellent agreement between model and experiment was obtained for both global and local performance over all investigated operating conditions under varying H 2 /H 2 O/N 2 compositions at the anode, O 2 /N 2 compositions at the cathode, temperature, and fuel utilization. A strong variation of the electrochemical performance along the flow path was observed when the cell was operated at high fuel utilization. The simulations predict a considerable gradient of gas-phase concentrations along the fuel channel and through the thickness of the porous anode, while the gradients are lower at the cathode side. The anode dominates polarization losses. The cell may operate locally in critical operating conditions (low H 2 /H 2 O ratios, low local segment voltage) without notably affecting globally observed electrochemical behavior. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:07
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 01:22
DOI: