CUED Publications database

Model based approach to closed loop control of 1-D engine simulation models

Cieslar, D and Dickinson, P and Darlington, A and Glover, K and Collings, N (2014) Model based approach to closed loop control of 1-D engine simulation models. Control Engineering Practice, 29. pp. 212-224. ISSN 0967-0661

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1-D engine simulation models are widely used for the analysis and verification of air-path design concepts to assess performance and therefore determine suitable hardware. The transient response is a key driver in the selection process which in most cases requires closed loop control of the model to ensure operation within prescribed physical limits and tracking of reference signals. Since the controller effects the system performance a systematic procedure which achieves close-to-optimal performance is desired, if the full potential of a given hardware configuration is to be properly assessed. For this purpose a particular implementation of Model Predictive Control (MPC) based on a corresponding Mean Value Engine Model (MVEM) is reported here. The MVEM is linearised on-line at each operating point to allow for the formulation of quadratic programming (QP) problems, which are solved as the part of the proposed MPC algorithm. The MPC output is used to control a 1-D engine model. The closed loop performance of such a system is benchmarked against the solution of a related optimal control problem (OCP). The system is also tested for operation at high altitude conditions to demonstrate the ability of the controller to respect specified physical constraints. As an example this study is focused on the transient response of a light-duty automotive Diesel engine. For the cases examined the proposed controller design gives a more systematic procedure than other ad hoc approaches that require considerable tuning effort. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Div F > Control
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:16
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2021 18:12
DOI: 10.1016/j.conengprac.2014.01.021