CUED Publications database

Soil liquefaction-induced uplift of underground structures: Physical and numerical modeling

Chian, SC and Tokimatsu, K and Madabhushi, SPG (2014) Soil liquefaction-induced uplift of underground structures: Physical and numerical modeling. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 140. ISSN 1090-0241

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Underground structures located in liquefiable soil deposits are susceptible to floatation following a major earthquake event. Such failure phenomenon generally occurs when the soil liquefies and loses its shear resistance against the uplift force from the buoyancy of the underground structure. Numerical modeling accompanied with centrifuge experiments with shallow circular structures has been carried out to investigate the floatation failure at different buried depths of the structure. The influence of the magnitude of input sinusoidal earthquake shaking was also studied. Both numerical and experimental results showed matching uplift response of the structures and acceleration and pore-pressure measurements in the liquefied soil deposit. A higher uplift displacement of the structure was observed for shallower buried depth, thereby indicating the influence of overlying soil weight against floatation. Results also showed that the structures commenced floatation in the presence of high excess pore pressure, but they ceased when the earthquake shaking stopped. The higher rate of uplift in stronger earthquake shaking further substantiates the dependency of the uplift to the shaking amplitude.Aconstant rate of uplift of the structure was attained after the soil liquefied, hence postulating a possible limit to shear modulus degradation of the surrounding soil caused by soil-structure interaction. This is inferred by the lower excess pore-pressure generation near the structure. The displacement of liquefied soil around the displaced structure was also confirmed to resemble a global circular flow mechanism from the crown of the structure to its invert as observed in displacement vector plots obtained from numerical analysis and particle image velocimetry (PIV) in centrifuge tests. Further numerical analysis on the performance of buried sewer pipelines in Urayasu City, Chiba Prefecture following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake indicated high damage susceptibility of rigid pipelines in the liquefiable soil deposit. These consistencies with field observations clearly demonstrate and pave the prospects of applying numerical and/or experimental analyses for geotechnical problems associated with the floatation of underground structures in liquefiable soils.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 18:57
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 03:17
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001159