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An estimate of the order of magnitude of the explosion during a core meltdown-compaction accident for heavy liquid metal fast reactors: A disquieting result updating the Bethe - Tait model

Arias, FJ and Parks, GT (2015) An estimate of the order of magnitude of the explosion during a core meltdown-compaction accident for heavy liquid metal fast reactors: A disquieting result updating the Bethe - Tait model. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 79. pp. 182-189. ISSN 0149-1970

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Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Criticality and recriticality considerations in heavy liquid metal fast reactors (HLMFRs) after a hypothetical core meltdown accident are discussed. Although many aspects of system behaviour in such scenarios can be deduced directly from the classical theory of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), certain ideas that have been accepted as true for SFRs cannot be extrapolated to HLMFRs without sufficiently careful thought. In this paper, we are concerned, as in SFRs, with fuel compaction, but with one important difference: there would be no boiling of the surrounding heavy liquid metal pool. Utilizing a Bethe-Tait model, it is shown that, due to the power flattening effect of the heavy liquid metal, explosive excursions at least an order of magnitude higher than for SFRs in similar situations are conceivable.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:41
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 01:39
DOI: