CUED Publications database

Time-dependent performance of soil mix technology stabilized/solidified contaminated site soils

Wang, F and Wang, H and Al-Tabbaa, A (2015) Time-dependent performance of soil mix technology stabilized/solidified contaminated site soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 286. pp. 503-508. ISSN 0304-3894

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This paper presents the strength and leaching performance of stabilized/solidified organic and inorganic contaminated site soil as a function of time and the effectiveness of modified clays applied in this project. Field trials of deep soil mixing application of stabilization/solidification (S/S) were performed at a site in Castleford in 2011. A number of binders and addictives were applied in this project including Portland cement (PC), ground granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBS), pulverised fuel ash (PFA), MgO and modified clays. Field trial samples were subjected to unconfined compressive strength (UCS), BS CN 12457 batch leaching test and the extraction of total organics at 28 days and 1.5 years after treatment. The results of UCS test show that the average strength values of mixes increased from 0-3250. kPa at 28 days to 250-4250. kPa at 1.5 years curing time. The BS EN 12457 leachate concentrations of all metals were well below their drinking water standard, except Ni in some mixes exceed its drinking water standard at 0.02. mg/l, suggesting that due to varied nature of binders, not all of them have the same efficiency in treating contaminated soil. The average leachate concentrations of total organics were in the range of 20-160. mg/l at 28 days after treatment and reduced to 18-140. mg/l at 1.5 years. In addition, organo clay (OC)/inorgano-organo clay (IOC) slurries used in this field trial were found to have a negative effect on the strength development, but were very effective in immobilizing heavy metals. The study also illustrates that the surfactants used to modify bentonite in this field trail were not suitable for the major organic pollutants exist in the site soil in this project.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Field trials Modified clay Novel binders Soil stabilization Aluminum Silicates Clay Construction Materials Industrial Waste Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium Oxide Metals, Heavy Soil Soil Pollutants Waste Management
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:40
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 07:56
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.01.007