CUED Publications database

Speaker and Expression Factorization for Audiobook Data: Expressiveness and Transplantation

Chen, L and Braunschweiler, N and Gales, MJF (2015) Speaker and Expression Factorization for Audiobook Data: Expressiveness and Transplantation. IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 23. pp. 605-618. ISSN 1558-7916

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Abstract

© 2014 IEEE. Expressive synthesis from text is a challenging problem. There are two issues. First, read text is often highly expressive to convey the emotion and scenario in the text. Second, since the expressive training speech is not always available for different speakers, it is necessary to develop methods to share the expressive information over speakers. This paper investigates the approach of using very expressive, highly diverse audiobook data from multiple speakers to build an expressive speech synthesis system. Both of two problems are addressed by considering a factorized framework where speaker and emotion are modeled in separate sub-spaces of a cluster adaptive training (CAT) parametric speech synthesis system. The sub-spaces for the expressive state of a speaker and the characteristics of the speaker are jointly trained using a set of audiobooks. In this work, the expressive speech synthesis system works in two distinct modes. In the first mode, the expressive information is given by audio data and the adaptation method is used to extract the expressive information in the audio data. In the second mode, the input of the synthesis system is plain text and a full expressive synthesis system is examined where the expressive state is predicted from the text. In both modes, the expressive information is shared and transplanted over different speakers. Experimental results show that in both modes, the expressive speech synthesis method proposed in this work significantly improves the expressiveness of the synthetic speech for different speakers. Finally, this paper also examines whether it is possible to predict the expressive states from text for multiple speakers using a single model, or whether the prediction process needs to be speaker specific.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Machine Intelligence
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:32
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 03:06
DOI: