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Influence of GSHP system design parameters on the geothermal application capacity and electricity consumption at city-scale for Westminster, London

Zhang, Y and Choudhary, R and Soga, K (2015) Influence of GSHP system design parameters on the geothermal application capacity and electricity consumption at city-scale for Westminster, London. Energy and Buildings, 106. pp. 3-12. ISSN 0378-7788

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Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. A city-scale renewable energy network for heating and cooling can significantly contribute to reduction of fossil fuel utilization and meeting the renewable energy targets. Ground source heat pump (GSHP) system is a technology that transfers heat stored over long periods to/from the ground to heat/cool the buildings. In particular, a vertical closed loop GSHP is a viable choice in densely populated urban areas. In this study, an ArcGIS-based simulation model has been developed to examine how many vertical closed loop GSHPs can be feasibly installed at city scale without overusing the geothermal energy underground. City of Westminster, in London, is used as a case study to identify and map areas where GSHPs can serve as a viable option for heating and/or cooling. A parametric study has been conducted to investigate the influence of how space heating and cooling demand is quantified on the potential utility of GSHP systems. The influence of COP variation during operation is also examined. The operational variation of COP influences the electricity consumption of the GSHP systems. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis including the capital cost, C/D ratio distribution, energy demand, and financial risk is highly recommended for district-level planning of GSHP systems.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Structures
Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:10
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 01:42
DOI: