CUED Publications database

Squaring the Circular Economy: The Role of Recycling within a Hierarchy of Material Management Strategies

Allwood, JM (2014) Squaring the Circular Economy: The Role of Recycling within a Hierarchy of Material Management Strategies. In: Handbook of Recycling: State-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 445-477.

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Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. The idea of a circular economy, in which a fixed quantity of material is repeatedly recycled, is a compelling one. However, many materials cannot be recycled. Most materials that are recycled today are downgraded in the process and, for some materials, recycling is more energy intensive than new production. Recycling must therefore be seen as one option in a hierarchy of material management strategies: overall demand for materials can be reduced by a reduction in total purchasing or by making lighter products that last longer; products. Components and materials can under some circumstances be reused, without the energy-intensive step of recycling. If materials cannot be recycled, then as alternatives to disposal into landfill, they could be downcycled to a different use, composted, or incinerated for energy generation. Current understanding of these strategies is reviewed and examined for each of the major material classes.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Structures
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:41
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 01:27
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-396459-5.00030-1