CUED Publications database

Reduced Dysprosium permanent magnets and their applications in electric vehicle traction motors

Chen, L and Hopkinson, D and Wang, J and Cockburn, A and Sparkes, M and O'Neill, W (2015) Reduced Dysprosium permanent magnets and their applications in electric vehicle traction motors. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

© 2015 IEEE. As a promising solution to the energy and environment concerns in today's world, electric vehicles (EVs) are receiving increasing interest. An EV traction motor requires a wide torque-speed range, high power density and high energy efficiency. Hence, permanent magnet (PM) brushless machines are an attractive candidate. Nd < inf > 2 < /inf > Fe < inf > 14 < /inf > B magnet is one of the key materials for high performance PM machines, thanks to its high energy product. However, the volatile supply chain of heavy rare earth elements has made the magnets subject to massive price fluctuation and extremely high cost. This is especially the case for the Dysprosium (Dy), whose price is almost as 6 times high as the Neodymium (Nd). Since the operating temperatures of traction motors can reach 150°C at which the coercivity (Hc) of pure Nd < inf > 2 < /inf > Fe < inf > 14 < /inf > B magnets is too low, Dy plays an important role in the Nd < inf > 2 < /inf > Fe < inf > 14 < /inf > B magnet as small addition of Dy substitutes the Nd to form (Dy, Nd) < inf > 2 < /inf > Fe < inf > 14 < /inf > B which has a higher anisotropy field than Nd < inf > 2 < /inf > Fe < inf > 14 < /inf > B, thus can significantly increase the Hc and elevate the temperature performance.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div E > Production Processes
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:21
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 03:52
DOI: