CUED Publications database

Aerodynamics of boundary layer ingesting fans

Gunn, EJ and Hall, CA (2014) Aerodynamics of boundary layer ingesting fans. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Copyright © 2014 by ASME. Boundary Layer Ingesting (BLI) turbofan engines could offer reduced fuel burn compared with podded engines, but the fan stage must be designed to run continuously with severe inlet distortion. This paper aims to explain the fluid dynamics and loss sources in BLI fans running at a cruise condition. High-resolution experimental measurements and full-annulus unsteady CFD have been performed on a low-speed fan rig running with a representative BLI inlet velocity profile. A three-dimensional flow redistribution is observed, leading to an attenuation of the axial velocity non-uniformity upstream of the rotor and to non-uniform swirl and radial angle distributions at rotor inlet. The distorted flow field is shown to create circumferential and radial variations in diffusion factor with a corresponding loss variation around the annulus. Additional loss is generated by an unsteady separation of the casing boundary layer, caused by a localised peak in loading at the rotor tip. Non-uniform swirl and radial angles at rotor exit lead to increased loss in the stator due to the variations in profile loss and corner separation size. An additional CFD calculation of a transonic fan running with the same inlet profile is used to show that BLI leads to wide variations in rotor shock structure, strength and position and hence to loss generation through shock-boundary layer interaction, but otherwise contained the same flow features as the low-speed case. For both fan geometries, BLI was found to reduce the stage efficiency by around 1-2% relative to operation with uniform inlet flow.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:54
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 01:53
DOI: