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Air quality evaluation of London Paddington train station

Chong, U and Swanson, JJ and Boies, AM (2015) Air quality evaluation of London Paddington train station. Environmental Research Letters, 10. ISSN 1748-9318

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Abstract

© 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. Enclosed railway stations hosting diesel trains are at risk of reduced air quality as a result of exhaust emissions that may endanger passengers and workers. Air quality measurements were conducted inside London Paddington Station, a semi-enclosed railway station where 70% of trains are powered by diesel engines. Particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) mass was measured at five station locations. PM size, PM number, oxides of nitrogen (NO x ), and sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) were measured at two station locations. Paddington Station's hourly mean PM 2.5 mass concentrations averaged 16 μg m -3 [min 2, max 68]. Paddington Station's hourly mean NO 2 concentrations averaged 73 ppb [49, 120] and SO 2 concentrations averaged 25 ppb [15, 37]. While UK train stations are not required to comply with air quality standards, there were five instances where the hourly mean NO 2 concentrations exceeded the EU hourly mean limits (106 ppb) for outdoor air quality. PM 2.5 , SO 2 , and NO 2 concentrations were compared against Marylebone, a busy London roadside 1.2 km from the station. The comparisons indicated that train station air quality was more polluted than the nearby roadside. PM 2.5 for at least one measurement location within Paddington Station was shown to be statistically higher (P-value < 0.05) than Marylebone on 3 out of 4 days. Measured NO 2 within Paddington Station was statistically higher than Marylebone on 3 out of 5 days, while measured SO 2 within Paddington Station was statistically higher than Marylebone on all 3 days.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:40
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 01:45
DOI: