CUED Publications database

Enhancement of finger motion range with compliant anthropomorphic joint design.

Çulha, U and Iida, F (2016) Enhancement of finger motion range with compliant anthropomorphic joint design. Bioinspir Biomim, 11. 026001-.

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Abstract

Robotic researchers have been greatly inspired by the human hand in the search to design and build adaptive robotic hands. Especially, joints have received a lot of attention upon their role in maintaining the passive compliance that gives the fingers flexibility and extendible motion ranges. Passive compliance, which is the tendency to be employed in motion under the influence of an external force, is the result of the stiffness and the geometrical constraints of the joints that define the direction of the motion. Based on its building elements, human finger joints have multi-directional passive compliance which means that they can move in multiple axis of motion under external force. However, due to their complex anatomy, only simplified biomechanical designs based on physiological analysis are preferred in present day robotics. To imitate the human joints, these designs either use fixed degree of freedom mechanisms which substantially limit the motion axes of compliance, or soft materials that can deform in many directions but hinder the fingers' force exertion capacities. In order to find a solution that lies between these two design approaches, we are using anatomically correct finger bones, elastic ligaments and antagonistic tendons to build anthropomorphic joints with multi-directional passive compliance and strong force exertion capabilities. We use interactions between an index finger and a thumb to show that our joints allow the extension of the range of motion of the fingers up to 245% and gripping size to 63% which can be beneficial for mechanical adaptation in gripping larger objects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomimetics Computer Simulation Computer-Aided Design Equipment Design Equipment Failure Analysis Finger Joint Fingers Hand Strength Humans Models, Biological Range of Motion, Articular Robotics
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Machine Intelligence
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:11
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2017 20:38
DOI: