CUED Publications database

Mask-less deposition of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites on CMOS MEMS platform for ethanol detection.

Santra, S and Sinha, AK and De Luca, A and Ali, SZ and Udrea, F and Guha, PK and Ray, SK and Gardner, JW (2016) Mask-less deposition of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites on CMOS MEMS platform for ethanol detection. Nanotechnology, 27. 125502-.

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Here we report on the mask-less deposition of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) platform through the use of dip pen nanolithography (DPN) to create a low-cost ethanol sensor. MEMS technology is used in order to achieve low power consumption, by the employment of a membrane structure formed using deep reactive ion etching technique. The device consists of an embedded tungsten micro-heater with gold interdigitated electrodes on top of the SOI membrane. The tungsten micro-heater is used to raise the membrane temperature up to its operating temperature and the electrodes are used to measure the resistance of the nanocomposite sensing layer. The CMOS MEMS devices have high electro-thermal efficiency, with 8.2 °C temperature increase per mW power of consumption. The sensing material (Au-SnO2 nanocomposite) was synthesised starting from SnO nanoplates, then Au nanoparticles were attached chemically to the surface of SnO nanoplates, finally the mixture was heated at 700 °C in an oven in air for 4 h. This composite material was sonicated for 2 h in terpineol to make a viscous homogeneous slurry and then 'written' directly across the electrode area using the DPN technique without any mask. The devices were characterised by exposure to ethanol vapour in humid air in the concentration range of 100-1000 ppm. The sensitivity varied from 1.2 to 0.27 ppm(-1) for 100-1000 ppm of ethanol at 10% relative humid air. Selectivity measurements showed that the sensors were selective towards ethanol when they were exposed to acetone and toluene.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div B > Electronics, Power & Energy Conversion
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:05
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 07:59