CUED Publications database

Statistical treatment of looking-time data.

Csibra, G and Hernik, M and Mascaro, O and Tatone, D and Lengyel, M (2016) Statistical treatment of looking-time data. Dev Psychol, 52. pp. 521-536.

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Looking times (LTs) are frequently measured in empirical research on infant cognition. We analyzed the statistical distribution of LTs across participants to develop recommendations for their treatment in infancy research. Our analyses focused on a common within-subject experimental design, in which longer looking to novel or unexpected stimuli is predicted. We analyzed data from 2 sources: an in-house set of LTs that included data from individual participants (47 experiments, 1,584 observations), and a representative set of published articles reporting group-level LT statistics (149 experiments from 33 articles). We established that LTs are log-normally distributed across participants, and therefore, should always be log-transformed before parametric statistical analyses. We estimated the typical size of significant effects in LT studies, which allowed us to make recommendations about setting sample sizes. We show how our estimate of the distribution of effect sizes of LT studies can be used to design experiments to be analyzed by Bayesian statistics, where the experimenter is required to determine in advance the predicted effect size rather than the sample size. We demonstrate the robustness of this method in both sets of LT experiments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attention Bayes Theorem Child Child, Preschool Databases, Bibliographic Female Fixation, Ocular Humans Infant Infant, Newborn Internet Male Models, Statistical Research Design Time Factors
Divisions: Div F > Computational and Biological Learning
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 18:58
Last Modified: 18 May 2018 20:19