CUED Publications database

Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition.

Phalkey, RK and Aranda-Jan, C and Marx, S and Höfle, B and Sauerborn, R (2015) Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112. E4522-E4529. ISSN 0027-8424

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Abstract

Malnutrition is a challenge to the health and productivity of populations and is viewed as one of the five largest adverse health impacts of climate change. Nonetheless, systematic evidence quantifying these impacts is currently limited. Our aim was to assess the scientific evidence base for the impact of climate change on childhood undernutrition (particularly stunting) in subsistence farmers in low- and middle-income countries. A systematic review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed and gray full-text documents in English with no limits for year of publication or study design. Fifteen manuscripts were reviewed. Few studies use primary data to investigate the proportion of stunting that can be attributed to climate/weather variability. Although scattered and limited, current evidence suggests a significant but variable link between weather variables, e.g., rainfall, extreme weather events (floods/droughts), seasonality, and temperature, and childhood stunting at the household level (12 of 15 studies, 80%). In addition, we note that agricultural, socioeconomic, and demographic factors at the household and individual levels also play substantial roles in mediating the nutritional impacts. Comparable interdisciplinary studies based on primary data at a household level are urgently required to guide effective adaptation, particularly for rural subsistence farmers. Systemization of data collection at the global level is indispensable and urgent. We need to assimilate data from long-term, high-quality agricultural, environmental, socioeconomic, health, and demographic surveillance systems and develop robust statistical methods to establish and validate causal links, quantify impacts, and make reliable predictions that can guide evidence-based health interventions in the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: childhood undernutrition climate change crop yield malnutrition weather variability Agriculture Child Child, Preschool Climate Climate Change Crops, Agricultural Decision Making Environment Global Health Growth Disorders Humans Malnutrition Social Class Weather
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div E > Manufacturing Systems
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 20:34
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 03:17
DOI: