CUED Publications database

Polarization-insensitive single-balanced photodiode coherent receiver for long-reach WDM-PONs

Erkilinç, MS and Lavery, D and Shi, K and Thomsen, BC and Bayvel, P and Killey, RI and Savory, SJ (2016) Polarization-insensitive single-balanced photodiode coherent receiver for long-reach WDM-PONs. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 34. pp. 2034-2041. ISSN 0733-8724

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© 2015 IEEE. In an access network based on a passive optical network architecture, coherent detection is attractive since it allows for high receiver sensitivity coupled with inherent frequency selectivity. Nevertheless, solutions employed in core networks are prohibitively complex and costly, requiring the optical complexity of the coherent receivers to be reduced to make them feasible for access networks. For monolithic integration, a key challenge is posed by the polarization beam splitter (PBS). If, however, the PBS is removed, the receiver needs to be redesigned to be insensitive to the incoming polarization state of the received signal. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a polarization-insensitive (i.e., polarization-independent) coherent receiver for the optical network unit in passive optical networks (PONs). The receiver consists of only a 3-dB coupler and a single-balanced photodiode such that the complexity is comparable to a direct detection receiver. The proposed cost-effective coherent receiver is implemented by using the Alamouti polarization-time block coding scheme combined with heterodyne detection. To verify the technique, the Alamouti-coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signal is rotated over the full Poincaré sphere. Compared to the dual-polarization-OFDM signal operating at a net bit rate of 10 Gb/s per polarization (a gross bit rate of 10.7 Gb/s including a 7% FEC overhead), only a 0.6 dB sensitivity degradation is observed. The sensitivity at the FEC threshold, assumed to be 4 × 10 -3 , is measured to be -41.5 dBm (56 photons-per-bit) on a 25-GHz grid. Following this, different channel spacings are investi gated and the signal is transmitted over 80 km of standard single-mode fiber in a long-reach wavelength division multiplexed PON system. The loss budgets are found to be 43.0 and 42.8 dB for 50- and 25-GHz grids, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div B > Photonics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 18:58
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 06:40