CUED Publications database

Nonlinear acoustically-coupled combustion oscillations

Dowling, AP (1996) Nonlinear acoustically-coupled combustion oscillations. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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© 1996, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. Self-excited oscillations of a confined flame, burning in the wake of a bluff body flame holder, are considered. These oscillations occur due to interaction between unsteady combustion and acoustic waves. According to linear theory, flow disturbances grow exponentially with time. A theory for nonlinear oscillations is developed, exploiting the fact that the main nonlinearity is in the heat release rate, which essentially 'saturates'. The amplitudes of the pressure fluctuations are sufficiently small that the acoustic waves remain linear. The time evolution of the oscillations is determined by numerical integration and inclusion of nonlinear effects is found to lead to limit cycles of finite amplitude. The predicted limit cycles are compared with results from experiments and from linear theory. The amplitudes and spectra of the limit cycle oscillations are in reasonable agreement with experiment. Linear theory is found to predict the frequency and mode shape of the nonlinear oscillations remarkably well. Moreover, we find that, for this type of nonlinearity, describing function analysis enables a good estimate of the limit cycle amplitude to be obtained from linear theory. Active control has been successfully applied to eliminate these oscillations. We demonstrate the same effect by adding a feedback control system to our nonlinear model. This theory is used to explain why any linear controller, capable of stabilising the linear flow disturbances, is also able to stabilise finite amplitude oscillations in the nonlinear limit cycles.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Divisions: Div A > Fluid Mechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:34
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 08:43