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Simulations of laminar non-premixed flames of kerosene with hot combustion products as oxidiser

Sidey, JAM and Giusti, A and Mastorakos, E (2016) Simulations of laminar non-premixed flames of kerosene with hot combustion products as oxidiser. Combustion Theory and Modelling, 20. pp. 958-973. ISSN 1364-7830

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© 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The effects of hot combustion product dilution in a pressurised kerosene-burning system at gas turbine conditions were investigated with laminar counterflow flame simulations. Hot combustion products from a lean (φ = 0.6) premixed flame were used as an oxidiser with kerosene surrogate as fuel in a non-premixed counterflow flame at 5, 7, 9 and 11 bar. Kerosene-hot product flames, referred to as ‘MILD’, exhibit a flame structure similar to that of kerosene–air flames, referred to as ‘conventional’, at low strain rates. The Heat Release Rate (HRR) of both conventional and MILD flames reflects the pyrolysis of the primary and intermediate fuels on the rich side of the reaction zone. Positive HRR and OH regions in mixture fraction space are of similar width to conventional kerosene flames, suggesting that MILD flames are thin fronts. MILD flames do not exhibit typical extinction behaviour, but gradually transition to a mixing solution at very high rates of strain (above A = 160, 000 s −1 for all pressures). This is in agreement with literature that suggests heavily preheated and diluted flames have a monotonic S-shaped curve. Despite these differences in comparison with kerosene–air flames, MILD flames follow typical trends as a function of both strain and pressure. Further still, the peak locations of the overlap of OH and CH 2 O mass fractions in comparison with the peak HRR indicate that the pixel-by-pixel product of OH- and CH 2 O-PLIF signals is a valid experimental marker for non-premixed kerosene MILD and conventional flames.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:33
Last Modified: 31 May 2018 01:57