CUED Publications database

Factors Affecting the Growth of Multiseeded Superconducting Single Grains

Shi, Y and Dennis, AR and Zhou, D and Namburi, DK and Huang, K and Durrell, JH and Cardwell, DA (2016) Factors Affecting the Growth of Multiseeded Superconducting Single Grains. Crystal Growth and Design, 16. pp. 5110-5117. ISSN 1528-7483

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© 2016 American Chemical Society.Single grain, rare earth-barium-copper oxide [(RE)BCO] bulk superconductors, fabricated either individually or assembled in large or complicated geometries, have a significant potential for a variety of potential engineering applications. Unfortunately, (RE)BCO single grains have intrinsically very low growth rates, which limits the sample size that may be achieved in a practical, top seeded melt growth process. As a result, a melt process based on the use of two or more seeds (so-called multiseeding) to control the nucleation and subsequent growth of bulk (RE)BCO superconductors has been developed to fabricate larger samples and to reduce the time taken for the melt process. However, the formation of regions that contain non-superconducting phases at grain boundaries has emerged as an unavoidable consequence of this process. This leads to the multiseeded sample behaving as if it is composed of multiple, singly seeded regions. In this work we have examined the factors that lead to the accumulation of non-superconducting phases at grain boundaries in multiseeded (RE)BCO bulk samples. We have studied the microstructure and superconducting properties of a number of samples fabricated by the multiseeded process to explore how the severity of this problem can be reduced significantly, if not eliminated completely. We conclude that, by employing the techniques described, multiseeding is a practical approach to the processing of large high performance superconducting bulk samples for engineering applications.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div C > Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:31
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 02:26
DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b00685