CUED Publications database

Temperature-Robust Neural Function from Activity-Dependent Ion Channel Regulation

O’Leary, T and Marder, E (2016) Temperature-Robust Neural Function from Activity-Dependent Ion Channel Regulation. Current Biology, 26. pp. 2935-2941.

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Abstract

Many species of cold-blooded animals experience substantial and rapid fluctuations in body temperature. Because biological processes are differentially temperature dependent, it is difficult to understand how physiological processes in such animals can be temperature robust [1–8]. Experiments have shown that core neural circuits, such as the pyloric circuit of the crab stomatogastric ganglion (STG), exhibit robust neural activity in spite of large (20$^{\circ}$C) temperature fluctuations [3, 5, 7, 8]. This robustness is surprising because (1) each neuron has many different kinds of ion channels with different temperature dependencies (Q$_{10}$s) that interact in a highly nonlinear way to produce firing patterns and (2) across animals there is substantial variability in conductance densities that nonetheless produce almost identical firing properties. The high variability in conductance densities in these neurons [9, 10] appears to contradict the possibility that robustness is achieved through precise tuning of key temperature-dependent processes. In this paper, we develop a theoretical explanation for how temperature robustness can emerge from a simple regulatory control mechanism that is compatible with highly variable conductance densities [11–13]. The resulting model suggests a general mechanism for how nervous systems and excitable tissues can exploit degenerate relationships among temperature-sensitive processes to achieve robust function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ion channels homeostatic plasticity temperature compensation computational model mathematical model neuronal excitability stomatogastric ganglion crustacean central pattern generator
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div F > Control
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:55
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 03:29
DOI: