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Abnormal fetal muscle forces result in defects in spinal curvature and alterations in vertebral segmentation and shape.

Rolfe, RA and Bezer, JH and Kim, T and Zaidon, AZ and Oyen, ML and Iatridis, JC and Nowlan, NC (2017) Abnormal fetal muscle forces result in defects in spinal curvature and alterations in vertebral segmentation and shape. J Orthop Res.

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Abstract

The incidence of congenital spine deformities, including congenital scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis, may be influenced by the in utero mechanical environment, and particularly by fetal movements at critical time-points. There is a limited understanding of the influence of fetal movements on spinal development, despite the fact that mechanical forces have been shown to play an essential role in skeletal development of the limb. This study investigates the effects of muscle forces on spinal curvature, vertebral segmentation, and vertebral shape by inducing rigid or flaccid paralysis in the embryonic chick. The critical time-points for the influence of fetal movements on spinal development were identified by varying the time of onset of paralysis. Prolonged rigid paralysis induced severe defects in the spine, including curvature abnormalities, posterior and anterior vertebral fusions, and altered vertebral shape, while flaccid paralysis did not affect spinal curvature or vertebral segmentation. Early rigid paralysis resulted in more severe abnormalities in the spine than later rigid paralysis. The findings of this study support the hypothesis that the timing and nature of fetal muscle activity are critical influences on the normal development of the spine, with implications for the understanding of congenital spine deformities. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chick immobilization congenital spine deformities development flaccid paralysis muscle forces rigid paralysis
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:26
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 01:36
DOI: