CUED Publications database

Event-to-Sink Spectrum-Aware Clustering in Mobile Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks

Ozger, M and Fadel, E and Akan, OB (2016) Event-to-Sink Spectrum-Aware Clustering in Mobile Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 15. pp. 2221-2233. ISSN 1536-1233

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© 2015 IEEE. Cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSNs) are event-based systems such that sensor nodes detect events and the event readings of the sensors are collaboratively conveyed in a multi-hop manner through vacant channels from event regions to a sink. Hence, the event-to-sink communication and the dynamic radio environment require a coordination scheme in CRSNs. In this paper, we propose a spectrum-aware clustering protocol to address the event-to-sink communication coordination issue in mobile CRSNs. Our clustering scheme consists of two phases. The first phase is the determination of nodes eligible for clustering, and the second phase is to form clusters among those nodes according to vacant spectrum bands. Clusters are temporary and they are not preserved after the end of events. Furthermore, we find average re-clustering probability, expected cluster coverage area, and find maximum event generation frequency for energy-efficient operation of our protocol. We study performance of our protocol in terms of control and data packet exchange, time steps required for clustering, connectivity of clusters, energy consumed for clustering, and re-clustering ratio due to the mobility. Performance comparison simulations show that our algorithm has better performance in terms of connectivity and energy consumption.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:15
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 06:46