CUED Publications database

The internet of molecular things based on FRET

Kuscu, M and Akan, OB (2016) The internet of molecular things based on FRET. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 3. pp. 4-17.

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© 2015 IEEE. Molecular devices, which consist of single or a few molecules, are envisioned to perform advanced tasks such as molecular information processing and collaborative sensing/actuating if they are operated in a cooperative manner. To connect these nanoscopic primitive devices with each other and with macroscale networks, and thus, to realize the internet of molecular devices, requires fundamentally different and novel approaches, other than the molecular or electromagnetic nanocommunications. Recently, we proposed and studied the use of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), which is a short-range nonradiative energy transfer process between fluorophores, as a high-rate and reliable wireless communication mechanism to connect fluorophore-based photoactive molecular devices. In this paper, we provide an in-depth architectural view of this new communication paradigm with a focus on its peculiarities, fundamental principles, and design requirements by comprehensively surveying the theoretical and experimental positions and ideas. We give an overview of networking opportunities offered by the intrinsic capabilities of fluorophores under the novel concept of Internet of Molecular Things. We present some prospective applications, theoretical modeling approaches, and experimental opportunities, and finally discuss the implementation challenges.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div B > Photonics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:15
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 07:08