CUED Publications database

Systematic mechanical evaluation of electrospun gelatin meshes

Butcher, AL and Koh, CT and Oyen, ML (2017) Systematic mechanical evaluation of electrospun gelatin meshes. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 69. pp. 412-419.

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Electrospinning is a simple and efficient process for producing sub-micron fibres. However, the process has many variables, and their effects on the non-woven mesh of fibres is complex. In particular, the effects on the mechanical properties of the fibre meshes are poorly understood. This paper conducts a parametric study, where the concentration and bloom strength of the gelatin solutions are varied, while all electrospinning process parameters are held constant. The effects on the fibrous meshes are monitored using scanning electron microscopy and mechanical testing under uniaxial tension. Mesh mechanical properties are relatively consistent, despite changes to the solutions, demonstrating the robustness of electrospinning. The gel strength of the solution is shown to have a statistically significant effect on the morphology, stiffness and strength of the meshes, while the fibre diameter has surprisingly little influence on the stiffness of the meshes. This experimental finding is supported by finite element analysis, demonstrating that the stiffness of the meshes is controlled by the volume fraction, rather than fibre diameter. Our results demonstrate the importance of understanding how electrospinning parameters influence the pore size of the meshes, as controlling fibre diameter alone is insufficient for consistent mechanical properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: electrospinning gelatin mechanical properties fibre diameter pore size
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:11
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 07:44
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.02.007