CUED Publications database

Ultrasound Pixel-Based Beamforming With Phase Alignments of Focused Beams.

Nguyen, NQ and Prager, RW (2017) Ultrasound Pixel-Based Beamforming With Phase Alignments of Focused Beams. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, 64. pp. 937-946.

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We previously developed unified pixel-based (PB) beamforming to generate high-resolution sonograms, based on field pattern analysis. In this framework, we found that the transmit waveshape away from the focus could be characterized by two spherical pulses. These correspond to the maximal and minimal distances from the imaging point to the active aperture. The beamformer uses this model to select the highest energy signals from backscattered data. A spatiotemporal interpolation formula is used to provide a smooth transition in regions near the focal depth where there is no dominant reflected pulse. In this paper, we show that the unified PB approach is less robust at lower center frequencies. The interpolated data is suboptimal for a longer transmit waveshape. As a result, the spatial resolution at the focal depth is lower than that in other regions. By further exploring the field pattern, we propose a beamformer that is more robust to variations in beamwidth. The new method, named coherent PB beamforming, aligns and compounds the pulse data directly in the transition regions. In simulation and phantom studies, the coherent PB approach is shown to outperform the unified PB approach in spatial resolution. It helps regain optimal resolution at the focal depth while still maintaining good image quality in other regions. We also demonstrate the new method on in vivo data where its improvements over the unified PB method are demonstrated on scanned objects with a more complicated structure.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div F > Machine Intelligence
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:26
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 06:21