CUED Publications database

Villous Tree Model with Active Contractions for Estimating Blood Flow Conditions in the Human Placenta

Kato, Y and Oyen, ML and Burton, GJ (2017) Villous Tree Model with Active Contractions for Estimating Blood Flow Conditions in the Human Placenta. Open Biomedical Engineering Journal, 11. pp. 36-48.

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Abstract

$\textit{Background:}$ In the human placenta, maternal and fetal bloods exchange substances through the surface of the villous trees: the fetal blood circulates in the villous trees, around which the maternal blood circulates. The blood flows directly influence fetal growth. Stem villi, the main supports of the villous tree, have contractile cells along the axes, whose contractions are expected to influence the blood circulations in the placenta. The displacement is neither measurable nor predictable while non-invasive measurements such as umbilical Doppler waveforms are helpful to predict the histological changes of the villous trees and vascularization in the placenta. $\textit{Objective:}$ The displacement caused by the contraction of the villous tree is necessary to predict the blood flows in the placenta. Hence, a computational villous tree model, which actively contracts, was developed in this study. $\textit{Method:}$ The villous tree model was based on the previous reports: shear moduli of the human placenta; branching patterns in the stem villi. The displacement pattern in the placenta was estimated by the computational model when the shear elastic moduli were changed. $\textit{Results:}$ The results show that the displacement caused by the contraction was influenced by the shear elastic moduli, but kept useful for the blood flows in the placenta. The characteristics agreed with the robustness of the blood flows in the placenta. $\textit{Conclusion:}$ The villous tree model, which actively contracts, was developed in this study. The combination of this computational model and noninvasive measurements will be useful to evaluate the condition of the placenta.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: human placenta villous tree stem villi contraction placental function blood flow
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div C > Biomechanics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:26
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 01:35
DOI: