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On-Chip Andreev Devices: Hard Superconducting Gap and Quantum Transport in Ballistic Nb-In0.75 Ga0.25 As-Quantum-Well-Nb Josephson Junctions.

Delfanazari, K and Puddy, RK and Ma, P and Yi, T and Cao, M and Gul, Y and Farrer, I and Ritchie, DA and Joyce, HJ and Kelly, MJ and Smith, CG (2017) On-Chip Andreev Devices: Hard Superconducting Gap and Quantum Transport in Ballistic Nb-In0.75 Ga0.25 As-Quantum-Well-Nb Josephson Junctions. Adv Mater.

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Abstract

A superconducting hard gap in hybrid superconductor-semiconductor devices has been found to be necessary to access topological superconductivity that hosts Majorana modes (non-Abelian excitation). This requires the formation of homogeneous and barrier-free interfaces between the superconductor and semiconductor. Here, a new platform is reported for topological superconductivity based on hybrid Nb-In0.75 Ga0.25 As-quantum-well-Nb that results in hard superconducting gap detection in symmetric, planar, and ballistic Josephson junctions. It is shown that with careful etching, sputtered Nb films can make high-quality and transparent contacts to the In0.75 Ga0.25 As quantum well, and the differential resistance and critical current measurements of these devices are discussed as a function of temperature and magnetic field. It is demonstrated that proximity-induced superconductivity in the In0.75 Ga0.25 As-quantum-well 2D electron gas results in the detection of a hard gap in four out of seven junctions on a chip with critical current values of up to 0.2 µA and transmission probabilities of >0.96. The results, together with the large g-factor and Rashba spin-orbit coupling in In0.75 Ga0.25 As quantum wells, which indeed can be tuned by the indium composition, suggest that the Nb-In0.75 Ga0.25 As-Nb system can be an excellent candidate to achieve topological phase and to realize hybrid topological superconducting devices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Josephson junctions hybrid superconductor-semiconductor junctions quantum computing topological superconductivity
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 19:09
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 20:07
DOI: