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Structural features and mechanical behaviour of a pyroclastic weak rock

Cecconi, M and Viggiani, GMB (2001) Structural features and mechanical behaviour of a pyroclastic weak rock. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 25. pp. 1525-1557. ISSN 0363-9061

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Abstract

The results of an extensive programme of laboratory testing on intact and reconstituted samples of a pyroclastic weak rock from the volcanic complex of the Colli Albani (Central Italy) are presented. The deposit is known as Pozzolana Nera and may be assimilated to a bonded coarse grained material. The nature of bonds and the micro-structural features were examined by means of diffractometry, optical and electron microscopy. As bonds are made of the same constituents of grains and aggregates of grains, bond deterioration and particles breakage upon loading are indistinguishable features of the mechanical behaviour. The testing programme consisted mainly of one-dimensional and drained and undrained triaxial compressions tests in a wide range of confining pressures up to 58 M Pa. As confining stress increases, the mechanical behaviour of the material changes from brittle and dilatant to ductile and contractant; for both brittle and ductile behaviour failure is associated with the formation of shear surfaces separating the sample in several parts at the end of test. The experimental stress-dilatancy relationships are compared with the classical stress-dilatancy theories for a purely frictional material and for a material with friction and cohesion between particles. The analysis of the data indicates that peak strength results from the interplay between degradation of inter-particle bonds, increasing friction between particles and increasing rate of dilation. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley and Son, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 20:25
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 01:28
DOI: 10.1002/nag.185