CUED Publications database

Image quality enhancement method for on-orbit remote sensing cameras using invariable modulation transfer function

Li, J and Liu, Z (2017) Image quality enhancement method for on-orbit remote sensing cameras using invariable modulation transfer function. Optics Express, 25. pp. 17134-17149.

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Abstract

Remote sensing cameras in the visible/near infrared range are essential tools in Earth-observation, deep-space exploration, and celestial navigation. Their imaging performance, i.e. image quality here, directly determines the target-observation performance of a spacecraft, and even the successful completion of a space mission. Unfortunately, the camera itself, such as a optical system, a image sensor, and a electronic system, limits the on-orbit imaging performance. Here, we demonstrate an on-orbit high-resolution imaging method based on the invariable modulation transfer function (IMTF) of cameras. The IMTF, which is stable and invariable to the changing of ground targets, atmosphere, and environment on orbit or on the ground, depending on the camera itself, is extracted using a pixel optical focal-plane (PFP). The PFP produces multiple spatial frequency targets, which are used to calculate the IMTF at different frequencies. The resulting IMTF in combination with a constrained least-squares filter compensates for the IMTF, which represents the removal of the imaging effects limited by the camera itself. This method is experimentally confirmed. Experiments on an on-orbit panchromatic camera indicate that the proposed method increases 6.5 times of the average gradient, 3.3 times of the edge intensity, and 1.56 times of the MTF value compared to the case when IMTF is not used. This opens a door to push the limitation of a camera itself, enabling high-resolution on-orbit optical imaging.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Photonics
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2018 20:07
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2021 00:45
DOI: 10.1364/OE.25.017134