CUED Publications database

The effect of dense gas dynamics on loss in ORC transonic turbines

Durá Galiana, FJ and Wheeler, APS and Ong, J and Ventura, CADM (2016) The effect of dense gas dynamics on loss in ORC transonic turbines. Journal of Physics : Conference Series, 821.

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This paper describes a number of recent investigations into the effect of dense gas dynamics on ORC transonic turbine performance. We describe a combination of experimental, analytical and computational studies which are used to determine how, in-particular, trailing-edge loss changes with choice of working fluid. A Ludwieg tube transient wind-tunnel is used to simulate a supersonic base flow which mimics an ORC turbine vane trailing-edge flow. Experimental measurements of wake profiles and trailing-edge base pressure with different working fluids are used to validate high-order CFD simulations. In order to capture the correct mixing in the base region, Large-Eddy Simulations (LES) are performed and verified against the experimental data by comparing the LES with different spatial and temporal resolutions. RANS and Detached-Eddy Simulation (DES) are also compared with experimental data. The effect of different modelling methods and working fluid on mixed-out loss is then determined. Current results point at LES predicting the closest agreement with experimental results, and dense gas effects are consistently predicted to increase loss.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div A > Turbomachinery
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2017 20:06
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 00:33
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/821/1/012021