CUED Publications database

Real-world environmental impacts from modern passenger vehicles operating in urban settings

Bishop, JDK and Molden, N and Boies, AM (2017) Real-world environmental impacts from modern passenger vehicles operating in urban settings. International Journal of Transport Development and Integration, 1. pp. 203-211. ISSN 2058-8305

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Abstract

Real-world testing of a set of modern vehicles show that most petrols meet their Euro standards for nitrous oxides (NO ), while most diesel vehicles exceed them. However, that some diesel vehicles met their Euro standards implies exceedances are not peculiar to the fuel. Likewise, the compliance of the tested petrol vehicles with the standard does not mean all petrol vehicles do. Engine maps were synthesized which reproduced trip level emissions to within 10% of that gathered under real-world driving conditions. Average velocity alone, such as what is used in COPERT, is a poor predictor of emissions. Stepwise linear models showed NO emissions could be predicted accurately by incorporating other metrics, such as maximum deceleration and the variance of velocity over the driving cycle. The models were validated on three driving cycles where all vehicles met their Euro standards, save Euro 6 diesel vehicles on the US highway cycle. COPERT overestimated NO from all vehicles. More work is required to combine driving cycle metrics with vehicle characteristics, such as mass and peak engine torque, to identify the conditions under which vehicles exceed their Euro limits. x x x

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2019 20:09
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2021 22:46
DOI: 10.2495/TDI-V1-N1-203-211