Petrides, A and Vinnicombe, G (2018) *Understanding the discrete genetic toggle switch phenomena using a discrete 'nullcline' construct inspired by the Markov chain tree theorem.* In: 56th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2017, -- to -- pp. 1614-1621..

## Abstract

Nullclines provide a convenient way of characterising and understanding the behaviour of low dimensional nonlinear deterministic systems, but are, perhaps not unsurprisingly, a poor predictor of the behaviour of discrete state stochastic systems in the low numbers regime. Such models are appropriate in many biological systems. In this paper we propose a graphical discrete 'nullcline-like' construction, inspired by the Markov chain tree theorem, and investigate its application to the original genetic toggle switch, which is a feedback interconnection of two mutually repressing genes. When the feedback gain (the 'cooperativity') is sufficiently large, the deterministic system exhibits bistability, which shows itself as a bimodal stationary distribution in the discrete stochastic system for sufficiently large numbers. However, at small numbers a third mode appears corresponding to roughly equal numbers of each molecule. Without cooperativity, on the other hand (i.e. low feedback gain), the deterministic system has just one stable equilibrium. Nevertheless, the stochastic system can still exhibit bimodality. In this paper, we illustrate that the discrete 'nullclines' proposed can, without the need to calculate the steady state distribution, provide an efficient graphical way of predicting the shape of the stationary probability distribution in different parameter regimes, thus allowing for greater insights in the observed behaviours.

Item Type: | Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED) |
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Subjects: | UNSPECIFIED |

Divisions: | Div F > Control |

Depositing User: | Cron Job |

Date Deposited: | 15 Jan 2018 20:15 |

Last Modified: | 17 Aug 2021 07:55 |

DOI: | 10.1109/CDC.2017.8263881 |