CUED Publications database

Selective recognition of biologically important anions using a diblock polyfluorene-polythiophene conjugated polyelectrolyte

Willis-Fox, N and Gutacker, A and Browne, MP and Khan, AR and Lyons, MEG and Scherf, U and Evans, RC (2017) Selective recognition of biologically important anions using a diblock polyfluorene-polythiophene conjugated polyelectrolyte. Polymer Chemistry, 8. pp. 7151-7159. ISSN 1759-9954

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Abstract

© 2017 The Royal Society of Chemistry. The all-conjugated diblock copolymer poly[9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)fluorene]-b-poly[3-(6-trimethylammoniumhexyl) thiophene] bromide (PF2/6-b-P3TMAHT) shows dual fluorescence from the polyfluorene (PF) and polythiophene (PT) blocks. Interaction with a range of nucleotide phosphates, at biologically relevant concentrations, was observed to bring about dramatic quenching of the PT emission, leaving the PF emission unaffected. The magnitude of this ratiometric response was found to depend on the number of phosphates attached to the nucleotide (guanosine triphophate (GTP) > guanosine diphphosphate (GDP) > guanosine monophosphate (GMP)), the type of nucleobase and the concentration. Modelling of the quenching behaviour and electrochemical studies suggest a mechanism involving energy transfer from the PF block to the PT block, followed by electron transfer from the PT to the nucleotides held in a Stern layer around the polymer core-shell aggregate that forms in water. Notably, the ability to discriminate between different numbers of phosphate groups is extremely relevant for energy metabolism processes. The enhanced insight into the quenching mechanism unravelled through this study provides the tools required to design targeted sensor platforms capable of discriminating different species through consideration of the size, charge and redox potential of the analyte.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div E > Production Processes
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 01:29
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2021 22:20
DOI: 10.1039/c7py01478c