CUED Publications database

Explosion hazards of aluminum finishing operations

Taveau, J and Hochgreb, S and Lemkowitz, S and Roekaerts, D (2017) Explosion hazards of aluminum finishing operations. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 51. pp. 84-93. ISSN 0950-4230

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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Metal dust deflagrations have become increasingly common in recent years. They are also more devastating than deflagrations involving organic materials, owing to metals' higher heat of combustion, rate of pressure rise, explosion pressure and flame temperature. Aluminum finishing operations offer a particularly significant hazard from the very small and reactive aluminum particles generated, and thus require high attention to details of operation and explosion safety management. This paper presents available statistics on metal dust explosions and studies the specific explosion hazards of aluminum finishing operations. The analysis of seven case studies shows that the proper design, monitoring and maintenance of dust collection systems are particularly important. Furthermore, the isolation of deflagrations occurring in dust collection systems, as well as good housekeeping practices in buildings, are critical safeguards to avoid the occurrence of catastrophic secondary explosions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div A > Energy
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2017 01:32
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2021 05:56
DOI: 10.1016/j.jlp.2017.11.011