CUED Publications database

Pattern matching and lossy data compression on random fields

Kontoyiannis, I (2003) Pattern matching and lossy data compression on random fields. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 49. pp. 1047-1051. ISSN 0018-9448

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We consider the problem of lossy data compression for data arranged on two-dimensional arrays (such as images), or more generally on higher dimensional arrays (such as video sequences). Several of the most commonly used algorithms are based on pattern matching: Given a distortion level D and a block of data to be compressed, the encoder first finds a O-close match of this block into some database, and then describes the data by describing the position of the match. We consider two idealized versions of this scenario. In the first, the database is taken to be a collection of independent realizations of the same size and from the same distribution as the original data. In the second, the database is assumed to be a single long realization from the same source as the data. We show that the compression rate achieved (in either version) is no worse than R(D/2) bits per symbol, where R(D) is the rate-distortion function. This is proved under the assumptions that 1) the data is generated by a Gibbs distribution, and 2) the distortion measure is a metric, generalizing the corresponding one-dimensional bound of Steinberg and Gutman. Using recent large deviations results by Dembo and Kontoyiannis and by Chi, we are able to give short proofs for the present results.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div F > Signal Processing and Communications
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2018 20:11
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 07:13
DOI: 10.1109/TIT.2003.809491