CUED Publications database

Thermal conductivities in NaSnAs, NaSnP, and NaS n2 A s2: Effect of double lone-pair electrons

Lin, Z and Wang, G and Le, C and Zhao, H and Liu, N and Hu, J and Guo, L and Chen, X (2017) Thermal conductivities in NaSnAs, NaSnP, and NaS n2 A s2: Effect of double lone-pair electrons. Physical Review B, 95. ISSN 2469-9950

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Abstract

Materials with low thermal conductivity, which can minimize heat dissipation, play a central role in many practical applications, such as thermoelectric devices and thermal barrier coatings. We report the synthesis and low thermal conductivities of narrow band gap semiconductors NaSnAs and NaSnP, in which the measured minimum lattice thermal conductivities are 0.62 and 0.58 W/m/K. The values are close to the calculated minimum of 0.46 and 0.40 W/m/K, respectively, and obviously lower than that for their closely related compound NaSn2As2, which has fewer lone-pair electrons. Such low thermal conductivities in NaSnAs and NaSnP are due to double lone s2 electron pairs that are present in both Sn sites and As or P sites. Double lone-pair electrons can induce greater Grüneisen parameters γ and lower thermal conductivity further than that in NaSn2As2. Our findings provide hints for exploring new materials with low thermal conductivity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Div B > Solid State Electronics and Nanoscale Science
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 12 May 2018 20:06
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2021 20:46
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.165201