CUED Publications database

Stability of heavy metals in soil washing residue with and without biochar addition under accelerated ageing

Shen, Z and Hou, D and Zhao, B and Xu, W and Ok, YS and Bolan, NS and Alessi, DS (2018) Stability of heavy metals in soil washing residue with and without biochar addition under accelerated ageing. Science of the Total Environment, 619-62. pp. 185-193. ISSN 0048-9697

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© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Soil washing residue (SWR), which typically concentrates the washed toxic metals and is comprised of high contents of clay particles, may pose risks to the surrounding environment. This study aims to simulate accelerated ageing to assess the stability of selected metals (Cd2 + (132 mg/kg), Cu2 + (248 mg/kg) and Pb2 + (3470 mg/kg)) in a SWR (89.68% of clay) with and without biochar treatment. The soil was incubated under constant moisture and wet-dry cycles (accelerated ageing), respectively, and the mobility and fractions of heavy metals in the soils with and without biochar treatment were examined. Under the constant moisture condition, biochar addition at 5% w/w reduced the leached Cd2 + (by 1.81%) and Cu2 + (by 8.70%) from SWR at day 1 and the leached Cu2 + (by 51.08%) and Pb2 + (by 25.36%) from SWR at day 14; however, the leached metals in the TCLP solution from the biochar-amended soils still exceed the regulatory limits (1 mg/L for Cd2 +, 5 mg/L for Pb2 +, no regulatory limits for Cu2 +). Conversely, accelerated ageing (14 days) significantly increased the fractions of exchangeable Cd2 + (from 3.63–3.94% to 6.21–6.29%) and Pb2 + (from 0.025–0.027% to 0.034–0.041%) as well as the TCLP leachabilities of Cd2 + (from 2.91–3.28% to 3.46–3.73%), Cu2 + (from 0.08–0.10% to 0.03–0.06%) and Pb2 + (from 0.25–0.35% to 0.52–0.57%) in the soils, as compared with those incubated under constant moisture, regardless of biochar addition. This study reveals challenges associated with stabilising SWR due to the presence of residual fine-grained particles.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Div D > Geotechnical and Environmental
Depositing User: Cron Job
Date Deposited: 12 May 2018 20:06
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 07:49
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.038